留学美国9月17日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析_美国留学网

留学美国9月17日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析
IELTS雅思考试留学干货
作者: 美国留学网
发布时间: 2022-09-22 16:10:00
本文的标题是:留学美国9月17日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析

  留学美国9月17日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析

  雅思听力

  场景话题:

  P1订酒店举办婚礼/P2洞穴旅游介绍/P3讨论一部小说的各种版本/P4新西兰建筑的发展

  P1填空/P2选择+配对/P3选择+配对/P4填空

  老师点评

  本场考试难度中等。答案词整体不难,注意以下单词的拼写:garage、concrete。另外,填空题出现了不少复数,考生做题时务必注意单复数和拼写,确保听到的都能写对

  本场考试填空题出现在P1、P4,答案(仅供参考)如下:

  1.city

  2.photos

  3.round

  4.5995

  5.cakes

  6.decorations

  7.menu

  8.sandwiches

  9.Izard

  10.10.15

  11.B

  12.B

  13.A

  14.C

  15.B

  16-20.暂无

  21.B

  22.A

  23.B

  24-25.暂无

  26.C

  27.C

  28.B

  29.A

  30.B

  31.roof

  32.wood

  33.square

  34.concrete

  35.cost

  36.Japan

  37.garage

  38.identical

  39.tower

  40.shadow

  本场考试听力难度中等,仍然是常见的题型,即P1、P4填空,P2、P3选择题类为主,填空题和选择题的比例为1:1。填空题方面,P1考察的是咨询场景,最近咨询场景出现较多,场景词汇要加强积累;剑桥真题也可以找到类似的练习,可以针对这个场景进行练习,总结常见考点;P4考生普遍的反映是语速快,学术语料本身句子结构复杂,改写较多,一不留神就容易跟丢;但这类语料逻辑结构清楚,因此在听题时不需要把整篇录音都听懂,注意句子之间逻辑关系(即信号词),听懂需要听懂的答案句即可;考生们在接下来的复习中可以多练习P4,注意信号词的听取和分析;P2、P3部分,选择+配对是最常见的题型组合,这样的组合一定要多练习。选择题审题的时候注意“去同存异”,留下这个选项区别于其他选项的核心不同点;对于配对题,预先审题同样非常重要:简化选项信息,抓住关键词,有助于捕捉答案句中的关键信息。另外,这两类题目考察的重点都是同义替换,考生在平时复习时注意积累常见的同义替换表达,这样在考试时遇到能够较快反应出来。

  考试建议

  1.场景方面:场景方面依然是主流场景(咨询、旅游生活场景、课程讨论、学科探讨和讲座),在接下来的考试中,考生还应将重点放在P1咨询,租房,旅游,找工作;P2旅游,活动及公共场所设施介绍;P3课程讨论及论文写作;P4各类学科探讨和讲座。美国雅思听力

  2.题型:题型方面,P1、P4注意填空题。P1场景简单并且比较固定,考试之前需要把P1的高频场景词汇都梳理一遍,这样在考试的时候才能更快调动相关的场景词。另外,记忆听力单词要做听写练习,建立发音和单词的联系,提高自己的反应速度;P4的场景注意练习商业、社科、动植物、科技类(参考练习:剑10 Test2 Section、剑8 Test3 Section4;剑13 Test2 Section 4、剑7 Test2 Section4;剑9 Test4 Section4、剑9 Test1 Section4;剑10 Test4 Section4),多积累场景词汇及同义替换;P2、P3还是以单选/多选和配对为主,注意地图题仍有可能出现,注意通过做题积累位置和方位的表述(参考练习:剑14 Test 2 Section2;剑13 Test1 Section1)。选择题在平时做题的过程中注意干扰项的排除,总结干扰项的类型,积累同义替换,坚持做精听练习,才能更好地应对这类题目(参考练习:剑8 Test2 Section3;剑9 Test1 Section 3;剑11 Test1 Section3);配对题注意积累同义替换表达(参考练习:剑10 Test2 Section2;剑14 Test4 Section3)。

  3.机经:如需参考机经,以2016-2020年机经为主。

  留学美国9月17日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析

  雅思阅读

  P1建造城堡Build a Medieval Castle

  P2鸟类迁徙Bird Migration

  P3涂鸦Graffiti

  老师点评

  1.本场考试的难度较难。

  2.整体分析:涉及建筑类(P1)、自然科学类(P2)、艺术类(P3)。

  本次考试整体反馈难度较大。三篇文章均为旧题,之前考过多次,话题也有在剑桥真题中出现多次,只是P2的题型与之前稍微有改动。P1出现了常规的填空+判断搭配,但是在此基础上加上了多选题,大家注意定位方法。实在觉得难以定位,可以先做完填空和判断题之后再去找答案。P2基本延续之前的考试趋势,主要出现两种类型的配对,再加上填空题。对于做了很多剑桥真题的同学来说,这种搭配形式已经习以为常,应该在篇章综合定位方法的处理还有时间分配上能够得心应手。P3出现了今年考察不多的句子首尾配对,整篇文章的定位难度大,做题较为耗时。

  3.部分答案及参考文章:

  Passage 1:建造城堡Build a Medieval Castle

  题型:判断(4)+多选(3)+流程图填空(6)

  参考答案

  1.NOT GIVEN

  2.TRUE

  3.FALSE

  4.TRUE

  5.C

  6.E

  7.F

  8.mason

  9.holes

  10.metal/iron/wedges

  11.split

  12.bricks

  13.heating

  参考文章:

  Build a Medieval Castle

  A Michel Guyot,owner,and restorer of Saint Fargeau castle in France,first had the idea of building a 13th-century style fortress following the discovery that the 15th-century red bricks of his castle obscured the stone walls of a much older stronghold.His dream was to build a castle just as it would have been in the Middle Ages,an idea which some found mildly amusing and others dismissed as outright folly.However,Maryline Martin-project director-was inspired by the exciting potential for the venture to regenerate the region.It took several months to bring together and mobilise all the various partners:architects,archaeologists,and financial backers.A site in the heart of Guédelon forest was found:a site which offered not only all the resources required for building a castle-a stone quarry,an oak forest,and a water supply-but in sufficient quantities to satisfy the demands of this gigantic site.The first team started work and on June 20th,1997,the first stone was laid.

  B Unlike any other present-day building site,Michel Guyot’s purpose is clear,he warmly welcomes members of the public to participate.The workers’role is to demonstrate and explain,to a wide audience,the skills of our forefathers.Stone quarrying,the building of vaulted ceilings,the blacksmith’s work and the raising of roof timbers are just some of the activities which visitors can witness during a visit to Guédelon.The workers are always on hand to talk about their craft and the progress of the castle.Each year 60,000 children visit Guédelon with their schools.The site is an excellent educational resource,bringing to life the history of the Middle Ages.Guided tours are tailored to the school curriculum and according to age groups:activity trails for primary school children and interactive guided tours for secondary school children.Pupils of all ages have the opportunity to follow in the footsteps of medieval stonemasons by taking part in a stone carving workshop or discover the secrets of the medieval master-builders at the geometry workshop.

  C Workers in the Burgundy region of France are building a 13th century castle.They’re not restoring an old castle.They’re actually building a new old castle.See the builders are constructing it from scratch.The craftsmen have been working for nearly ten years now,but they’re not even halfway done yet.That’s because they’re using only medieval tools and techniques.The World’s Gerry Hadden takes us to the site of what will be the Guedelon Castle.Another reason said by Jean Francois,a member of Guedelon stone cutter’s guild,for eight hours a day he bangs on a 13th century chisel with a 13th century iron mallet.

  D The progress of construction has to give way to tourists’side for their visits.The visitors from 2010,however unsightly they may be,are vital to the project.The initial funding came not from pillaging the local peasantry but from regional councils,the European Union,and large companies.For the last 10 years,Guédlon,100 miles southeast of Paris,has funded itself from its entrance fees.Last year it had a record 300,000 visitors,who paid almost€2.5m,making it the second most-visited site in Burgundy.The most-visited site was the Hospice de Beaune,a beautiful 15th-century almshouse built 600 years before,or,if you prefer,200 years“after”,Guédelon.

  E Limestone is found in the construction of various local buildings,from the great and prestigious edifice of Ratilly castle to the more modest polyiodides houses.This stone contains 30-40%iron oxide;this can make it extremely hard to extract and dress.Having studied the block in order to determine and anticipate the natural fault lines of the stone,the quarrymen first carve a series of rectilinear holes into the block.Iron wedges are then hammered into this line of holes.The shockwaves produced by the quarrymen’s sledgehammers cause the stone to split along a straight line.The highest quality blocks are dressed to produce lintels,voussoirs,corbels,ashlars etc.The medium quality blocks are roughly shaped by the stonecutters and used on the uncoursed curtain walls,and as facing stones on the castle’s inner walls.There are water-filled clay pits in the forest.Clay is taken from these pits,cleaned and pugged.It is then shaped in wooden moulds to form bricks.After the bricks have been left to air-dry,they are fired in a woodfired kiln for about 12 hours,at roughly 1000°c.

  F The mortar is the“glue”used to bind the castle’s stones.It is made up of precise doses of lime,sand,and water.The people working there wear the tunics,skirts and headgear that they might have worn then,but they wear these over jeans and shoes with reinforced toes.They mix their mortar primarily as they would have done then,using sand they dig themselves,but they are not allowed to use the extremely effective hot lime from medieval days,because of its toxicity,and so they add a modern chemical ingredient instead,to achieve the same effect.Workers in the Mid Age obviously were unaware of it and some died earlier by inhaling toxic gas.And so,we met many wonderful people who do not pretend to be anything but modern human beings practicing an old technique and finding out what it would have felt like,as much as possible,to do it with only the resources of an older time.

  G We also learned that even if there is a straight lintel across a doorway,you will usually find an arch of stones built into the wall differently.Because of the physics of an arch,which channels the weight above it down into whatever is supporting it at each side instead of pressing down in the middle,this helps to take a lot of the weight off the lintel itself,whether it is free standing or buried in the wall against the impact of warfare.The arch is the strongest element for spanning space in stone architecture.This is why,in ancient ruins,you will often find the entire wall missing,and the arched windows and doorways still standing,in beautiful patterns against the sky.

  Passage 2:鸟类迁徙Bird Migration

  题型:填空(4)+段落细节配对(5)+特殊词配对(4)

  具体文章和题目待确认

  Passage 3:涂鸦Graffiti

  题型:单选(5)+判断(5)+句首尾配对(4)美国雅思阅读

  具体文章题型和参考答案待确认

  考试建议

  1.从前三个季度的考试情况来看,雅思考试的难度和对于题型的倾向性已经比较稳定。无论分数段要求是多少,填空,判断,选择题为基础,需要保证正确率,切忌眼高手低,忽略题目限定或者题目没看完整。高分段学生一定要对配对题,比如句子首尾配对,段落细节配对,特殊词配对这三种类型勤加练习,保证定位速度和正确率。同时,一定不能忽视List of Headings的重要性,多分析不同段落的结构,多看如何掌握段落详略,同时提升替换识别能力。

  2.重点浏览2016到2021年机经。

  留学美国9月17日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析

  雅思写作

  小作文:饼图

  大作文:In some countries,small town centre shops are going out of business because people tend to drive to large out-of-town stores.As a result,people without cats have limited access to out-of-town stores and it may result in an increase in the use of cars.Do you think the disadvantages outweigh its advantages?

  老师点评

  1.本次考试为加试,难度中等

  2.整体分析:

  Task 1:饼图

  The charts below show the percentage of forest area and the percentage of timbers produced in six regions in 2010.

  本题为双主题静态饼图,但值得注意的是timber意为木材,与forest cover呈现正相关关系。考生们在写overview的时候可以给出陈述。题目时间发生在2010年,时态应使用一般过去时,针对检查动词形式,以确保准确。

  静态图常用表达:

  1.The most…gap could be seen in…

  2.…rank the top/rank first/top the list

  3.…,followed by…

  4.….Next came b,which was slightly higher than c

  5.Compared with the percentage of forest area,that of timbers showed a slightly different picture,where….

  Task 2:社会类话题

  本题涉及乍一看是新题,但是只要能够调动起平时课上讲到的城市发展和交通相关的素材,难度并不是太大。

  本题为利弊分析类题目,考生们在写作时可以有自己的倾向性(利大于弊、弊大于利)皆可,此处给出一些可能的思路形式。

  题目思路:

  利:人们去郊区的大超市买东西,好处是购物的品种往往更加丰富(have access to commodities in greater range/varieties),在同一家超市就能够买齐所有需要的产品(one-stop shopping service,get all they want in a shop),而且价格比较便宜(comparatively inexpensive)。因为购买的货物量比较大(large quantities of goods),具有规模经济的效应,而且郊区的土地资源便宜(cheaper but more abundant land resources),超市租金较低(low rent),所以提供给消费者的商品的价格也比较低(enjoy lower prices)。

  弊:市中心的小商店关门(be closed down),会影响到这些店主的生计(adversely affect the way store owners earn the bread)例如住房,本身的再教育或者子女的教育等(make it tough to afford the rent or education fees of themselves or their younger generations)。对于那些没有车的人来说,去郊区购物也很难,需要提很重的东西坐公交和地铁从超市回家(carry heavy stuff travelling from supermarket to home by bus or subway)即使是有车的人,偶尔家里临时需要买一支牙膏(toothpaste)或者一瓶番茄酱(ketchup),为了这个开车出城不太方便(inconvenient)也不太合时宜(economical).此外,如果大家都开车去郊区购物,汽车拥有量car ownership势必会进一步增加,类似于堵车traffic congestions,汽车尾气的排放(more exhaust fumes emitted to the atmosphere)乃至于大气污染air contamination的问题都将成为现代都市人的困扰。

  考试建议

  1.小作文:重点关注表格、柱图、线图

  2.大作文:重点关注科技、政府、教育话题。美国雅思写作

  3.重点浏览2018-2019年写作机经,可借助《高分范文书》第8版经典旧题来复习。

  留学美国9月17日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析

  雅思口语

  老师点评

  Part1:

  两周的考试结束,第一部分的题库已经相当稳定了,整理难度不大。snacks和puzzle需要大家在考前准备相关的词组句型,这样在答题中可以流利的进行表达。每个问题不需要回答太多,一定要直接回答问题以及拓展你的答案,同时注意时态问题。

  Part2:

  第二部分在事件类话题中出现的新题数量多一些,事件类话题很多题目是需要描述过去发生的事情,这里一定要把握住正确的时态。物品类个别题目也适合用同一素材串联,串题的时候注意题目的具体要求,不要跑题。美国雅思口语

  考试建议

  口语考试之前一定要把口语题库过一遍,特别是新的不熟悉的题目一定要整理出相应的思路。考试的时候把握住流利表达,积极回答问题,多展现自己储备的语料。

万佳留学助手
猜你喜欢
最新文章
Offer案例
最热文章
美国留学网
美国留学网

留学问题轻松问

本人允许通过电话形式联系,确认咨询需求