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美国留学7月16日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析
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作者: 美留网
发布时间: 2022-07-25 13:45:38
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  美国留学7月16日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析

  听力

  场景话题:

  P1农场预定(咨询问询类)/P2学校情况介绍/P3找实习/P4博丁安城堡的历史考古

  题型设置:

  P1填空/P2单选+地图/P3单选+流程匹配/P4填空

  老师点评

  本次考试难度中等偏上

  本场考试填空题出现在P1和P4。美国留学网

  答案的回忆整理如下,供各位参考:

  P1:房车租用旅行

  题型:填空

  1.460

  2.extra

  3.international

  4.manual

  5.pets

  6.fridge

  7.television

  8.bicycle

  9.generator

  10.Grateley

  P2:学校情况介绍

  题型:单选+地图

  待回忆

  P3:找实习

  题型:单选+流程匹配

  21-25单选

  21.B

  22.A

  23.C

  24.C

  25.C

  26-30流程匹配

  26.匹配former intern

  27.匹配professor

  28.匹配line manager

  29.匹配group organizer

  30.匹配department manager

  P4:博丁安城堡的历史考古

  题型:填空

  31.450,000

  32.shells

  33.France

  34.salt

  35.brick

  36.coins

  37.garden

  38.window glass

  39.stone

  40.helmet

  本次考试填空题的词汇拼写难度较为简单,均可以在听力高频场景词汇中找到,注意helmet,manual,generator的拼写,本次考试填空中出现了常见的特殊名词(地址或姓名等)的考察,也考查了数字信息的听写,需要我们在备考中加强日常听音辩词的基本功训练,力保基本分数不流失。雅思考试

  同义替换:本场考试选择题难度适中,考生普遍反映的难点环节集中在P3的流程匹配题。今次P3流程配对中考察了高频的同意替换词,这样的选项首先在审题时,要能够精准提取题干中的核心考点词,并且调动起我们在日常刷题练习中积累的常见置换词的语料库,预判录音中有可能针对核心考点词的替换角度,从而增加鉴别出录音信息中同意替换的概率。此外P3选择题题干中定位词和限制词的提取也应在复习环节通过系统练习时常重温与回顾,尤其是每一组选择题之间节奏感的建立以及限制元素干扰项常规设计的归类与把握,更是复习阶段的重点所在。P3今次考察的是流程配对题也是这个季度的首次考察,我们要学会利用题目纵向的顺序法则,标注出定位的信号词,做好跟踪定位,并利用已知信息去推导答案的基本形态和干扰角度。注意在P3语速比较快的攻击下,一定要做好每一格跟踪定位,这里也包括未出现填空空格的位置,也要划出定位词,建立跟踪节奏点,并在审题阶段将自己的预判可视化的标注在题目附近,直观的明示自己信息跟踪抓取的侧重点,以期能够在一遍的播放中,有的放矢,精准的打击考点句中的核心考点词汇。

  参考剑桥练习:剑13Test4Section1,剑14Test2Section2,剑12Test3Section3,剑13Test3Section4

  备注:本场考试题目三旧一新,填空与选择(含配对)比例20:20。题型方面,P1填空题是常规的信息填空题设置,难度不大,咨询与问询场景也是最高频的考察场景之一,应当也是学员们练习时的重点之一;P2单选+地图配对,稍有难度,尤其是地图配对题,需要我们针对图形的基本特征预判出它可能在录音中展开具象性的同意替换,而P3的流程配对同意替换惯常使用的手法往往有两个角度,A)通过实例去置换题干中广义的表达,B)通过形象化的描述置换题干中抽象的表达,其中后者又要更加难一点,因为考察重点侧重于对于题干有限信息点的联想和展开,以及对于录音中描述的理解把握。P4考察的是最为常规的笔记填空题,且场景是高频的考古学场景,词汇填写也并不复杂。综上,本场考试主观填空题和选择配对各占一半比列。填空部分填写的词汇都比较的简单,均在场景高频考点词的范围之内,并没有生僻词汇的拼写,这部分题目依然需要我们注意听题时对词性词类做好预判,通过题干定位词跟上录音节奏,并在日常练习中培养题干中考点词的精准提取以及听题时识别同意替换的敏感度。

  考试建议

  1.场景方面:场景方面依然是主流场景(咨询、旅游生活场景、课程讨论、学科探讨和讲座),在接下来的考试中,考生还应将重点放在P1咨询,租房,求职,P2旅游,活动及公共场所设施介绍,P3课程讨论及论文写作,P4各类学科探讨和讲座。

  2.题型:本次考试题型设置较常规。P1,P3,P4填空为主;P2为选择和配对

  3.机经:如需参考机经,以2016-2020年机经为主。

  美国留学7月16日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析

  阅读

  P1学校中的艺术选修课

  P2树冠的研究

  P3移民的消费偏好

  老师点评

  1.本场考试的难度偏上。三篇文章相对都较难,其中第二篇文章是机经旧题,其他两篇都是新题。

  2.整体分析:艺术相关(P1)、植物环境类(P2)、商业社科类(P3)。

  第一篇文章暂时题型缺失,据学生的反馈难度较大,艺术相关的话题文章确实感观上较难。

  第二篇文章是之前考过的旧题,题型搭配是:段落信息匹配+填空+人名匹配。文章整体难度较大,还考到了最难的段落信息匹配,所以相对来说整体还是比较难的。努力从填空和人名匹配题里抓分。雅思阅读

  第三篇文章暂时题型缺失,据学生的反馈难度较大。

  Passage 1:学校中的艺术选修课

  题型:缺失

  具体文章待确认

  Passage 2:树冠的研究

  题型:段落信息匹配(5题)+填空(4题)+人名匹配(5题)

  参考文章:

  A The forest canopy-the term given to the aggregated crowns of trees in a forest-is thought to host up to 40 per cent of all species,of which ten per cent could be unique to the forest roof."We're dealing with the richest,least known,most threatened habitat on Earth,"says Andrew Mitchell,the executive director of the Global Canopy Programme/a collection of groups undertaking research into this lofty world."The problem with our understanding of forests is that nearly all the information we have has been gleaned from just two meters above the soil,and yet we're dealing with trees that grow to heights of 60 meters,or in the case of the tallest redwood 112 meters.It's like doctors trying to treat humans by only looking at their feet."

  B Tropical rainforest comprises the richest of ecosystems,rivalled only by coral reel for its diversity and complex interrelationships.And a great deal of that diversity lives up in the canopy-an estimated 70-90 per cent of life in the rainforest exists in the trees;one in ten of all vascular plants are canopy dwellers;and about 20-25 per cent of all invertebrates are thought to be unique to the canopy.

  C The first Briton to actually get into the canopy may have been Sir Francis Drake who,in 1573,gained his first glimpse of the Pacific Ocean from a tall tree in Darien,Panama.However,the first serious effort to reach and study the canopy didn't begin until 1929.The Oxford University Expedition to British Guiana,led by Major RWG Hingston,still ended up help of locals when it came to building an observation platform.It was a successful expedition all the same,despite the colony's acting governor getting stuck high up on a winched seat during a visit.In terms of canopy access,the French have proved themselves to be excellent innovators,taking things further with the development of'lighter-than-air platforms-balloons and related equipment,to you and me.Francis Halle;from the Laboratoire de Botanique Tropicale at Montpellier University took to a balloon in the mid-1980s in order to approach the canopy from above.His work in French Guiana was inspired by the use in Gabon of a tethered helium balloon by Marcel and Annette Hladick.Halle went one further by using a small purpose-built airship-a cigar-shaped balloon with propellers to aid manoeuvrability."We suddenly had a mobile system that could move around the treetops;there was no other means of doing this,"says Mitchell.

  D From this,two balloon-dependent features have developed:the radeau or raft,and the luge or sledge.The raft is a'floating'platform,employed by French academics Dany Cleyet-Marrel and Laurent Pyot and is essentially an island in the treetops.Made of kevlar mesh netting and edged with inflated neoprene tubes,it rests on top of the canopy,allowing sampling(mostly of plants and insects)to take place at the edges of the platform,and can stay in position for several days.The luge,on the other hand,is an inflated hexagon similar to a traditional balloon basket but with a hole in the bottom covered with Kevlar mesh.Such techniques aren't without their problems,however,"balloons can cover larger areas,especially for collection purposes,but they are extremely expensive-Jibe raft alone cost 122,000[euro](86,000[pounds sterling])in 2001],nut very effective because you can only reach the tops of the trees,and are highly dependent on the weather,"says Dr Wilfried Morawetz,director of systematic botany at the University of Leipzig.“Balloons can usually only be used in the early morning for two to four hours.Last time,we could only fly three times during a whole week."Given these factors,it comes as no surprise that operations involving these balloons numbered just six between 1986 and 2001.

  E Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama.Smith had the idea of using a static crane to get into the treetops.Un-tethered balloons may allow widely distributed sites to be sampled,but cranes allow scientists to study an area of at least a hectare from soil to canopy throughout the year,year after year."Cranes beat any other access mode.They are cheap,reliable and fast.In two minutes I can reach any point in our forest,which is essential for comparative measurements across species,"says Professor Christian Korner of the University of Basel.Korner is using a static crane in a unique carbon dioxide-enrichment experiment in Switzerland,in an attempt to discover how forests might respond to the global increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide(see Swiss canopy-crane carbon experiment,right).For reasons of convenience,cranes are generally situated close to cities or a research center.Leipzig University has a crane not far from the town,the Location allowing scientists to study the effect of city pollutants on forests.In order to increase the amount of canopy a crane can access,some have been mounted on short rail tracks.In"1995,Dr Wilfried Morawetz was the first to use this technique,installing a crane on 150 meters of track in Venezuelan rainforest.“In my opinion,cranes should be the core of canopy research in the future,"he says.

  F It appears that the rest of the scientific community has now come around to Mitchell's way of thinking."I think most scientists thought him mad to consider such a complex field station at first,"says internationally respected'canopist'Meg Lowman,the executive director of the Marie Selby Botanical Gardens."However,we've all come to realize that a combination of methods,a long-term approach to ecological studies and a collaborative approach are the absolute best ways to advance canopy science.A permanent canopy field station would allow that to happen."With A dedicated group of canopy scientists working together and a wide range of tools available for them to get into the treetops,we're now finally on our way towards a true understanding of the least-known terrestrial habitat.

  参考答案:

  14.B

  15.C

  16.A

  17.F18.E

  19.locals

  20.balloons21.raft

  22.(static)crane

  23.D

  24.B

  25.F

  26.E

  27.B

  Passage 3:移民的消费偏好

  具体文章,题型和参考答案待确认

  考试建议

  1.目前的考试趋势,依然是第一篇以判断、填空为主,所以在准备的过程中,还是要继续,多做这种题型的搭配。到了第二篇会出现题型的多样化,包括选择题、匹配题之类,只要记住匹配题都是放在最后来做,就可以了。平时的练习中,也多注意这一类的题型搭配,合理使用做题顺序,节省做题时间。雅思考试

  2.下场考试的话题可能有生物类,社科类和文学艺术类。

  3.重点浏览2016到2021年机经。

  美国留学7月16日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析

  写作

  小作文:静态表格

  大作文:Some people think that the Olympic Games is an exciting event and can bring nations together.Others,however,think that it is waste of money.Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

  老师点评

  1.本次考试难度一般。

  2.整体分析:

  Task 1:静态表格(三个科系的学生喜爱的科目满意度调查)

  注意:

  1.静态图应将重点放在数据信息的对比之上,并注意句子的多样性问题,例如:题目中务必要提及的科目之中的整体对比受欢迎程度以及三个科系之间的具体比较情况

  2.柱图比较简单,但要注意全文的时态表达。要注意在表达时的比较级及排序词汇短语的描述。雅思写作

  相关表达:

  The percentage of..is relatively higher.

  …accounted for the highest percentage/the largest proportion.

  A tops the list,followed by/far ahead of B.

  Task 2:体育类话题

  题目翻译:有的人认为,奥运会是一个很兴奋的事件,可以将很多国家融合在一起。但是,另一些人却认为这非常的浪费钱。讨论双方观点并给出你的个人观点。

  从话题上来说,属于体育类(社会发展类)话题,这是相对来说比较简单的话题,难度并不算大,并且也是同学们比较熟悉的方面。在思考观点的过程中,要注意审题中的国家融合及只从浪费钱的角度来说。

  从类型上来说,属于双边的文章,可考虑中立及偏向不同时的文章框架结构;

  参考写法:

  第一段:题目改写+双方均合理.

  第二段:的确,是可以将各国融合,促进共同相处。

  第三段:但是,对于一些经济实力弱的国家,确实负担比较重,不如用来做其他。

  第四段:一切按照国家情况来定。

  题目思路:

  主体段1:Admittedly,holding the Olympic Games can bring nations together.Firstly,athletes can take part in these games without taking the tension or financial ability between countries into consideration,making it possible for countries with different level gathering into one stage.Secondly,when applauding for the champion sincerely without any prejudice,the host would leave a good impression on other countries so that the relationship can be strengthen.

  主体段2:However,as for many countries,it is also a money-wasting project.Firstly,the preparations for Olympic Games is troublesome.They have to spend a lot on the improvement of infrastructures or sports fields for different projects.Secondly,how to provide a better living environment/accommodation for those athletes coming into other country.

  考试建议

  1.小作文:多复习基础数据图;地图题概率稍大

  2、大作文:重点关注媒体、科技,社会发展类话题。

  美国留学7月16日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析

  口语

  老师点评

  Part1:

  第一部分的话题都围绕日常生活展开,所以大家在考前积极做好准备,在考试中带着轻松的心态去答题就可以了。部分话题要注意积累相关的词汇表达,例如watch,mirror,课堂上很多同学在advertisements和old buildings的话题上也存在词汇不足的情况,这些要引起足够的重视。

  Part2:

  第二部分大家还是要注重表达的流利度,但是本季度题库中有一些话题难度较大,例如重要的河流或者湖泊,需要大家在河流和湖泊方面都有一定的词汇积累。同学们可以尽量选择自己熟悉的素材,避免死记硬背带来的表达上的生硬,让两分钟的答案显得自然生动一些。

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