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5月28日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析
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作者: 小雅
发布时间: 2022-06-07 18:17:22
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5月28日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析

雅思听力

场景话题:

S1求职场景/S2摄影杂志推荐及经历分享/S3新西兰的金矿工/S4澳洲公路交通发展史

S1填空题/S2配对题+多选题S3单选题+多选题/S4填空题

老师点评

本次考试难度较难。单词较为常规,注意以下单词的正确拼写:insurance,advertisement

本场考试填空题出现在P1、P4。答案(仅供参考)如下:

P1:

1.8 November;

2.07785206439;

3.22A;

4.insurance;

5.location;

6.cleaning;

7.health;

8.newspaper;

9.interview;

10.9.50;

P4:

31.public transport;

32.uncomfortable;

33.freedom;

34.high car taxes;

35.government election;

36.relationships;

37.polluted;

38.directions;

39.advertisement;

40.shopping mall雅思听力

5月的第4场考试,听力较难,考生普遍表示P3语速太快来不急反应。平时练习时可以适当调整音频语速。本场考试题型十分典型,依旧是P1,P4填空和P2,P3选择题类为主。填空题和选择题的比例为1:1。填空题方面,需要注意答案的单复数。如果能听出来最好,如果听不出词尾的曲折变化,考生们可以根据语法进行判断。单词复习时需特别注意单词“辨音”的问题,加强“听音”的训练,不能只停留在“看见单词-认识意思”的阶段。这提醒我们注意a.)建立起单词发音和词汇之间的联系,防止出现“认识单词”却“听不出单词”的问题。B.)注意单词的正确拼写。最终检查时,填空方面要尤其注意单词格式、拼写以及单复数等,不确定的可以自己结合篇章内容、语法逻辑以及发音判断。S2,S3方面,选择题+配对题是最近考试的热门组合题型,需要考生加强对选择配对题的练习,把握定位,强化替换词,明辨陷阱选项。

替换词:本场考试需注意一些常规同义替换和词组搭配。注意配对题带来的审题压力。考生们如果遇到选项较长的选择题,审题时需要对选项进行简化,“去同求异”,抓住选项之间的差别。参考剑桥练习:剑11Test3 Section2;剑11Test2 Section2;剑11Test4 Section2;剑13Test2 Section2;剑13Test2 Section3;剑13Test3 Section3;剑13Test4 Section3。

5月28日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析

雅思阅读

P1未来领导者

P2涂鸦

P3测量折射率的科学家

老师点评

1.本场考试的整体偏难

2.整体分析:涉及社科类(P1),艺术类(P2)以及科学类(P3)。

本次考试题型组合均为剑桥真题常规题型组合,三篇文章的理解的难度和题型的难度都比较大。

3.部分答案及参考文章:

Passage 1未来领导者

文章内容及题型组合待回忆。

Passage 2:涂鸦

文章内容及题型组合待回忆

Passage 3:测量折射率的科学家

相关参考文章及参考题目:

Thomas Harriot

The Discovery of Refraction

A When light travels from one medium to another,it generally bends or refracts.The law of refraction gives us a way of predicting the amount of bending.Refraction has many applications in optics and technology.A lens uses refraction to form an image of an object for many different purposes,such as magnification.A prism uses refraction to form a spectrum of colors from an incident beam of light.Refraction also plays a vital role in the formation of a mirage and other optical illusions.The law of refraction is also known as Snell’s Law,named after Willobrord,Snell,who discovered the law in 1621.Although Snell’s sine law of refraction is now taught routinely in undergraduate courses,the quest for it spanned many centuries and involved many celebrated scientists.Perhaps the most interesting thing is that the first discovery of the sine law,made by the sixteenth-century English scientist Thomas Harriot(1560-1621),has been almost entirely overlooked by physicists,despite a lot of published material describing his contribution.

B A contemporary of Shakespeare,Elizabeth I,Johannes Kepler and Galilei Galileo,Thomas Harriot(1560-1621)was an English scientist and mathematician.His principal biographer,J.W.Shirley,was quoted saying that in his time he was“England’s most profound mathematician,most imaginative and methodical experimental scientist”.As a mathematician,he contributed to the development of algebra,and introduced the symbols of”>”,and”<”for”more than”and”less than.”He also studied navigation and astronomy.On September 17,1607,Harriot observed a comet,later identified as Hailey-s.With his detailed observations,later workers were able to compute the comet’s orbit.Harriot was also the first to use a telescope to observe the heavens in England.He made sketches of the moon in 1609 and then developed lenses of increasing magnification.By April 1611,he had developed a lens with a magnification of 32.Between October 17,1610 and February 26,1612,he observed the moons of Jupiter,which had already discovered by Galileo.While observing Jupiter’s moons,he made a discovery of his own:sunspots,which he viewed 199 times between December 8,1610 and January 18,1613.These observations allowed him to figure out the sun’s period of rotation. 雅思阅读

C He was also an early English explorer of North America.He was a friend of the English courtier and explorer Sir Walter Raleigh and traveled to Virginia as a scientific observer on a colonizing expedition in 1585.On June 30,1585,his ship anchored at Roanoke Island,off Virginia.On shore,Harriot observed the topography,flora and fauna,made many drawings and maps,and met the native people who spoke a language the English called Algonquian.Harriot worked out a phonetic transcription of the native people’s speech sounds and began to learn the language,which enabled him to converse to some extent with other natives the English encountered.Harriot wrote his report for Raleigh and published it as A Brief and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia in 1588.Raleigh gave Harriot his own estate in Ireland,and Harriot began a survey of Raleigh’s Irish holdings.He also undertook a study of ballistics and ship design for Raleigh in advance of the Spanish Armada’s arrival.

D Harriot kept regular correspondence with other scientists and mathematicians,especially in England but also in mainland Europe,notably with Johannes Kepler.About twenty years before Snell’s discovery,Johannes Kepler(1571-1630)had also looked for the law of refraction,but used the early data of Ptolemy.Unfortunately,Ptolemy’s data was in error,so Kepler could obtain only an approximation which he published in 1604.Kepler later tried to obtain additional experimental results on refraction,and corresponded with Thomas Harriot from 1606 to 1609 since Kepler had heard Harriot had carried out some detailed experiments.In 1606,Harriot sent Kepler some tables of refraction data for different materials at a constant incident angle,but didn’t provide enough detail for the data to be very useful.Kepler requested further information,but Harriot was not forthcoming,and it appears that Kepler eventually gave up the correspondence,frustrated with Harriot’s reluctance.

E Apart from the correspondence with Kepler,there is no evidence that Harriot ever published his detailed results on refraction.His personal notes,however,reveal extensive studies significantly predating those of Kepler,Snell and Descartes.Harriot carried out many experiments on refraction in the 1590s,and from his notes it is clear that he had discovered the sine law at least as early as 1602.Around 1606,he had studied dispersion in prisms(predating Newton by around 60 years),measured the refractive indices of different liquids placed in a hollow glass prism,studied refraction in crystal spheres,and correctly understood refraction in the rainbow before Descartes.

F As his studies of refraction,Harriot’s discoveries in other fields were largely unpublished during his lifetime,and until this century,Harriot was known only for an account of his travels in Virginia published in 1588,,and for a treatise on algebra published posthumously in 1631.The reason why Harriot kept his results unpublished is unclear.Harriot wrote to Kepler that poor health prevented him from providing more information,but it is also possible that he was afraid of the seventeenth century’s English religious establishment which was suspicious of the work carried out by mathematicians and scientists.

G After the discovery of sunspots,Harriot’s scientific work dwindled.The cause of his diminished productivity might have been a cancer discovered on his nose.Harriot died on July 2,1621,in London,but his story did not end with his death.Recent research has revealed his wide range of interests and his genuinely original discoveries.What some writers describe as his“thousands upon thousands of sheets of mathematics and of scientific observations”appeared to be lost until 1784,when they were found in Henry Percy’s country estate by one of Percy’s descendants.She gave them to Franz Xaver Zach,her husband’s son’s tutor.Zach eventually put some of the papers in the hands of the Oxford University Press,but much work was required to prepare them for publication,and it has never been done.Scholars have begun to study them,,and an appreciation of Harriot’s contribution started to grow in the second half of the twentieth century.Harriot’s study of refraction is but one example where his work overlapped with independent studies carried out by others in Europe,but in any historical treatment of optics his contribution rightfully deserves to be acknowledged.

QUESTION 27--31

Reading Passage 3 has 7 paragraphs A-G.Choose the correct heading for paragraphs B-E and G from the list of headings below.Write the correct number,i-x,in boxes 27-31 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings

i A misunderstanding in the history of science

ii Thomas Harriot’s biography

iii Unknown reasons for his unpublished works

iv Harriot’s 1588 publication on North America studies

v Expedition to the New World

vi Reluctant cooperation with Kepler

vii Belated appreciation of Harriot’s contribution

viii Religious pressures keeping him from publishing

ix Correspondence with Kepler

x Interests and researches into multiple fields of study

Example Answer

Para A i

27 Paragraph B

28 Paragraph C

29 Paragraph D

30 Paragraph E

31 Paragraph G

QUESTION 32--36

Answer the questions below using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.Write your answers in boxes 32-36 on your answer sheet.

Various modem applications base on an image produced by lens uses refraction,such as 32。。。。。。。。And a spectrum of colors from a beam of light can be produced with 33。。。。。。。。Harriot traveled to Virginia and mainly did research which focused on two subjects of American 34。。。。。。。After,he also enter upon a study of flight dynamics and 35。。。。。。。for one of his friends much ahead of major European competitor.He undertook extensive other studies which were only noted down personally yet predated than many other great scientists.One result,for example,corrected the misconception about the idea of 36。。。。。。。。

Look at the following researchers(listed A-D)and findings.Match each researcher with the correct finding.Write your answers in boxes 37-40 on your answer sheet.NB You may use any researcher more than once.

A Willobrord Snell

B Johannes Kepler

C Ptolemy

D Galileo

E Harriot

37 discovered the moons of Jupiter

38 distracted experimental calculation on refraction

39 the discovery of sunspots

40 the person whose name the sin law was attributed to

5月28日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析

雅思口语

老师点评

Part 1:

Part 1作为第一个部分,除了Introduction的问题以外,考官会抽取3-4话题,每个话题3-4个问题,每个题目需要20-25s,需要有逻辑地说话,一定要切题哦!准备题目时,可以适当写出关键词,除了基本话题外,这个季度的上新话题watch,sitting down也要记得准备哦。

Part2:

一定要充分利用准备的1分钟时间,可以写出20-30个关键词,从而梳理自己的答题框架哦。说的时候需要1:45-2:00的素材内容,大概200个单词左右哦。这个季度上新的事件类话题偏多,需要注意按照上课梳理的story-telling structure哦,一定要注意过去时态哈,辅助主观心情词。

5月28日雅思机经真题考试回顾解析

雅思写作

小作文:饼图&柱图组合

大作文:Many people continue to use cars and motorcycles even though they know that they are bad for environment.Why is this?What can be done to reduce the use of these vehicles?(报告)

老师点评

1.本次考试难度中等。

2.整体分析:

Task 1:组合图(pie chart+bar chart)属于组合静态图

注意:1.主要数据的挑选,相关信息的横向和纵向对比。2.注意正文段表述数据时态的选择;3.词汇和句式结构,多样性。

相关对比表达:

1.A ranked first,which accounted for m%.

2.A was the leading+n.,accounting for m%.

3.A covered the largest/biggest share with m%.

4.Next came B with n%,which was followed by C(x%).

5.X had almost doubled/tripled to 20%

Task 2:交通类

题目翻译:很多人坚持开小轿车和摩托车,尽管他们知道这些交通工具会对环境不好。为什么会这样?能有什么措施来减少人们使用这些交通工具?(报告类)

从话题上来说,属于交通类,话题比较贴近生活,大部分考生都应该有观点,有想法,尽量不要写的过于笼统或抽象。

注意:报告类两个问题都要进行回答,可以一个问题写一段。

以下推荐一个四段式的写法:

第一段:背景+话题引入

第二段:逻辑论证为什么人们会选择小轿车和摩托车出行。

第三段:有什么解决方案,可以减少人们使用小轿车和摩托车,转而其他方式出行。

第四段:总结段-总结一下主要解决方案+展望。雅思写作

这里提供一些可以选择的思路:

why:选择私家车或者摩托车(private cars and motorcycles)出行,会让旅行更加灵活(flexible),让旅行者更加自由(freedom)。相反的,如果使用公共交通系统服务(public transport services available to travelers),比如地铁/公交/长途客车/火车(underground train,bus,coach,long-distance train),旅行者需要按照时刻表出行(follow the regular schedule),并且在下车之后走路到达最终的目的地(final destination)。更主要的是(More fundamentally),在有些地方,人们不得不进行换乘(have to change one or more times)公交或者地铁才能够到达想去的地方。这意味着,使用私人交通工具往往(tend to)也更省时间。

solution:如果想让那些买得起私家车或者摩托车的人改变他们的选择,我认为最有效的方法(the most effective way is to)应该是提高公共系统的服务(improve the choice of public transport)。比如在城市建造充分的地铁或者轻轨(sufficient underground train and sky trains should be built),让他们高效的运行(effectively maintain),减少人们等车的时间(so as to reduce the waiting time at the bus or train station)。长途火车或者长途客车应该被建造的更有吸引力和平价的替代品(should be made attractive and affordable alternatives to driving their own car for long journeys)。

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