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2022年4月GRE内地考试机经真题回顾解析
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发布时间: 2022-05-05 20:58:53
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2022年4月GRE内地考试机经真题回顾解析

填空部分

27-1 Though many avant-garde writers _____ traditional distinctions among literary categories, combining elements of biography and fiction, prose and poetry, this fusion of forms has been slow to catch on with publishers. 美国研究生

A. flout

B. presuppose

C. exploit

D. imitate

E. illuminate

68-7 Because archaeology explores the most profound changes in human history by means of a grossly incomplete record; it has invited the sort of bold, imaginative interpretation in which speculation too easily becomes _____ evidence.

A. replaced by

B. constrained by

C. untethered from

D. divorced from

E. substituted for

F. constricted by

64-5 So (i)_____ is the reputation of the country's police for corruption and other forms of (ii)_____ that it has become a kind of tradition that every newly appointed police chief pledges to (iii)_____ the force.

131-1 The fact that there are so many varieties of youthful dissent indicates that there is considerably less _____ to this counterculture than has been suggested.

A. hypocrisy

B. relevance

C. spontaneity

D. degeneracy

E. coherence

86-7 Although the employees’ union and company management, entering into contract negotiations, both issued statements encouraging _____, acrimony between the two sides continued unabated.

A. pertinacity

B. compromise

C. patience

D. civility

E. comity

F. steadfastness

116-4 The kilt has certainly had (i)______ history, outlawed as it was by Britain in 1746 as an emblem of nationalist subversion, then more recently (ii)______ from men’s to women’s apparel in a 2003 European Union survey, and ridiculed at various times for a wide variety of reasons.

44-6 It is possible for human to go 40 or more hours without sleep and still be able to (i)_____ information acquired at the beginning of the sleepless period. Thus, when we are considering a role for sleep in human memory consolidation, we are referring to a possible role in the (ii)_____ encoding of information and optimizing of recall, not a (iii)_____ of sleep for recalling events of the prior day.

142-6 An innovative musician, accompanist extraordinaire, and protomodern hipster, Lester Young (1909-1959) remains a (i)_____ in the jazz firmament. Some of the reasons are obvious: although he dressed with conspicuous cool, he chose an artistic trajectory that seemed calculated to (ii)_____ the spotlight-his best work was in the bands of other musicians, such as Billie Holiday and Count Basie, rather than at the front of his own. Moreover, he was shy, subtle, and sensitive-traits not usually associated with great (ii)______.

81-8 Individuals interested in longevity have sought to fine-tune their bodies with all kinds of _____ diets: only raw foods; only plant; only the flesh, fruit, and nuts that prehistoric humans would have hunted and foraged.

A. eccentric

B. meager

C. salutary

D. proscriptive

E. trendy

F. exacting

71-1 The monitoring is not _____: on the contrary, the defendant and his or her attorney are required to be given notice of the governments listening activities.

A. obtrusive

B. circumspect

C. surreptitious

D. adroit

E. meticulous

142-10 Among some demographic groups, the Internet is ______: almost everybody who wants Internet access has it.

A. necessary

B. indispensable

C. irresistible

D. pervasive

E. ubiquitous

F. homogeneous

138-2 It is ironic that the scientist’s work was criticized recently for its _____ research methodology, since other researchers have argued for years that this same methodology was based absolutely on impeccable logic.

A. fastidious

B. esoteric

C. abstruse

D. impervious

E. specious

112-1 Behavior dubbed reprehensible by the residents of the region is considered conventional, even ______ by those of the neighboring region; fortunately, people traveling between the two are resigned to this disparity.

A. eccentric

B. compulsory

C. innovative

D. unconscionable

E. transparent

98-4 Catherine the Great comes across in her memoirs as (i)_____ ruler with a razor-sharp intellect, letting nothing stand in the way of her ambitions. In short, the impression the memoirs give is entirely in accord with her reputation for being (ii)_____.

149-10 The historical study of pregnancy and childbearing began fairly recently and has been hindered by the relative _____ of records concerning these particular experiences.

A. pertinence

B. dearth

C. paucity

D. ambiguity

E. expediency

F. applicability

10-10 Noise suppression in phones can play an important role in making cellphone networks more efficient, since when sounds that are _____ to the meaningful signal are transmitted, precious network band width is wasted.

A. unsuitable

B. detrimental

C. irrelevant

D. confined

E. limited

F. Extraneous

阅读部分

真经GRE阅读机经365篇-Passage 51

The relevance of the literary personality—a writer’s distinctive attitudes, concerns, and artistic choices—to the analysis of a literary work is being scrutinized by various schools of contemporary criticism. Deconstructionists view the literary personality, like the writer’s biographical personality, as irrelevant. The proper focus of literary analysis, they argue, is a work’s intertextuality( interrelationship with other texts), subtexts (unspoken, concealed, or repressed discourses), and metatexts (self-referential aspects), not a perception of a writer’s verbal and aesthetic “fingerprints.” New historicists also devalue the literary personality, since, in their emphasis on a work’s historical contexts, they credit a writer with only those insights and ideas that were generally available when the writer lived. However, to readers interested in literary detective work--say scholars of classical( Greek and Roman) literature who wish to reconstruct damaged texts or deduce a work’s authorship—the literary personality sometimes provides vital clues.

1. The passage is primarily concerned with

A. discussing attitudes toward a particular focus for literary analysis

B. describing the limitations of two contemporary approaches to literary analysis

C. pointing out the similarities among seemingly contrasting approaches to literary analysis

D. defending the resurgence of a particular focus for literary analysis

E. defining a set of related terms employed in literary criticism

For the following question, consider each of the choice separately and select all that apply.

2. It can be inferred from the passage that on the issue of how to analyze a literary work, the new historicists would most likely agree with the deconstructionists that

A. The writer’s insights and ideas should be understood in terms of the writer’s historical context.

B. The writer’s literary personality has little or no relevance.

C. The critic should primarily focus on intertextuality, subtexts and metatexts.

3. In the context in which it appears, “credit writer with” most nearly means

A. trust a writer with

B. applaud a writer for

C. believe a writer created

D. presume a writer had

E. accept a writer for美国留学网

真经GRE阅读机经365篇-Passage 38

Astronomers who study planet formation once believed that comets—because they remain mostly in the distant Oort cloud, where temperatures are close to absolute zero—must be pristine relics of the material that formed the outer planets. The conceptual shift away from seeing comets as pristine relics began in the 1970s, when laboratory simulations revealed there was sufficient ultraviolet radiation reaching comets to darken their surfaces and there were sufficient cosmic rays to alter chemical bonds or even molecular structure near the surface. Nevertheless, astronomers still believed that when a comet approached the Sun—where they could study it—the Sun’s intense heat would remove the corrupted surface layer, exposing the interior. About the same time, though, scientists realized comets might contain decaying radioactive isotopes that could have warmed cometary interiors to temperatures that caused the interiors to evolve. 、

Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

1. According to the passage, astronomers recognize which of the following as being liable to cause changes to comets?

A. cosmic rays

B. radioactive decay

C. ultraviolet radiation

Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

2. According to the passage, astronomers’ belief that comets are pristine relics was

A. overturned by analysis of what happens when comets approach the Sun

B. supported by what observations revealed about the composition of the outer planets

C. based on consideration of the conditions that prevail where comets are located

3. The author suggests that the realization described in the final sentence of the passage had which of the following effects?

A. It introduced a new topic for study by astronomers interested in planetary formation.

B. It led astronomers to adopt a number of different strategies in trying to determine the composition of cometary interiors.

C. It called into question an assumption that astronomers had made about comets.

D. It cast doubt on astronomers’ ability to study the interior parts of comets,

E. It caused astronomers to revise their account of the composition of the outer planets.

4. It can be inferred that the author would agree with which of the following statements about the “laboratory simulations”?

A. The simulations showed that despite the low temperatures in the Oort cloud, there was sufficient energy there to alter comets.

B. Astronomers were initially reluctant to accept what simulations showed about the composition of comets.

C. The simulations themselves did not eliminate the possibility that comets contain pristine relics of material from the early solar system.

真经GRE阅读机经365篇-Passage 59

Recent studies of ancient Maya water management have found that the urban architecture of some cities was used to divert rainfall runoff into gravity-fed systems of interconnected reservoirs. In the central and southern May Lowlands, this kind of water control was necessary to support large populations throughout the year due to the scarcity of perennial surface water and the seasonal availability of rainfall. Some scholars argue that the concentration of water within the urban core of these sites provided a centralized source of political authority for Maya elites based largely on controlled water access. Such an argument is plausible, however, it is less useful for understanding the sociopolitical implications of water use and control in other, water-rich parts of the Maya region.

1. The author of the passage implies which of the following about the political importance of the type of urban water management system described in the passage?

A. Because the system was centralized, it allowed political control over a widely scattered population.

B. The knowledge required to design and maintain the system became the pretext for Maya elites’ political authority.

C. By selectively limiting access to water, Maya elites used the system to curb challenges to their authority

D. The system is not sufficient to explain the sources of centralized political power in all parts of the Maya region

E. The system’s continued maintenance required political authorities to exert control over an increasing proportion of economic resources.

Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

2. According to the passage, which of the following is true of the water management systems in the central and southern Maya Lowlands?

A. They were implemented in part because of the prevailing pattern of rainfall.

B. They were an integral part of lowland cities’ architecture.

C. They were needed because of insufficient resources such as ponds, rivers and lakes in the lowlands.

2022年4月GRE内地考试机经真题回顾解析

写作部分

4月份写作ETS考察了以下题号

Argument题库题号 3/17/19/28/66/74

Issue题库题号 9/21/32/51/123/126/138/140

数学部分

1. 7^22除以5的余数是多少?

2. Four locations on a map are labeled A, B, C, and D. Location B is directly north of location A, location C is directly east of location B, and location D is directly north of location C. As represented on the map, the distance between locations A and B, location B and C, and location C and D are 3 kilometers, 7 kilometers, and 12 kilometers, respectively. Which of the following is closest to the distance, in kilometers, as represented on the map between locations A and D?

A. 13.9

B. 14.8

C. 15.7

D. 16.6

E. 17.5

3. If twice the sum of the positive integers x, y. and z is divided by 7, the remainder is 1. What is the remainder if the sum of x, y, and z is divided by 7?

A. 0

B. 1

C. 2

D. 3

E. 4

4. 连续24个正整数,算术平均数是41.5,问最小的数是多少?

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