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美国移民局关于转学的规定
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发布时间: 2013-02-17 00:00:00
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(i) A student who is maintaining status may transfer to another Service
approved school by following the notification procedure prescribed in
paragraph (f)(8)(ii) of this section. However, an F-1 student is not permitted
to remain in the United States when transferring between schools or programs
unless the student will begin classes at the transfer school or program within
5 months of transferring out of the current school or within 5 months of the
program completion date on his or her current Form I-20, whichever is earlier.
In the case of an F-1 student authorized to engage in post-completion optional
practical training (OPT), the student must be able resume classes within 5
months of transferring out of the school that recommended OPT or the date the
OPT authorization ends, whichever is earlier. An F-1 student who was not
pursuing a full course of study at the school he or she was last authorized to
attend is ineligible for school transfer and must apply for reinstatement
under the provisions of paragraph (f)(16) of this section, or, in the
alternative, may depart the country and return as an initial entry in a new
F-1 nonimmigrant status. (Revised effective 1/1/03; 67 FR 76256) 

(ii) Transfer procedure. To transfer schools, an F-1 student must first notify
the school he or she is attending of the intent to transfer, then obtain a
Form I-20 A-B, issued in accordance with the provisions of 8 CFR 214.3(k),
from the school to which he or she intends to transfer. The transfer will be
effected only if the F-1 student completes the Student Certification portion
of the Form I-20 A-B and returns the form to a designated school official on
campus within 15 days of beginning attendance at the new school. 
 
(A) Non-SEVIS School to Non-SEVIS school. To transfer from one non-SEVIS
school to a different non-SEVIS school, the student must first notify the
school he or she is attending of the intent to transfer, then obtain a Form
I-20 issued in accordance with the provisions of 8 CFR 214.3(k) from the
school to which he or she intends to transfer. Prior to issuance of any Form
I-20, the DSO at the transfer school is responsible for determining that the
student has been maintaining status at his or her current school and is
eligible for transfer to the new school. The transfer will be effected only if
the student completes the Student Certification portion of the Form I-20 and
returns the form to a DSO of the transfer school within 15 days of the program
start date listed on Form I-20. Upon receipt of the student‘s Form I-20 the
DSO must note "transfer completed on (date)" in the space provided for the
DSO‘s remarks, thereby acknowledging the student‘s attendance at the transfer
school; return the Form I-20 to the student; submit the School copy of the
Form I-20 to Service‘s Data Processing Center within 30 days of receipt from
the student; and forward a photocopy of the school copy to the school from
which the student transferred. (Added effective 1/1/03; 67 FR 76256) 
 
(B) Non-SEVIS school to SEVIS school. To transfer from a non-SEVIS school to a
SEVIS school, the student must first notify the school he or she is attending
of the intent to transfer, then obtain a SEVIS Form I-20 issued in accordance
with the provisions of 8 CFR 214.3(k) from the school to which he or she
intends to transfer. Prior to issuance of any Form I-20, the DSO at the
transfer school is responsible for determining that the student has been
maintaining status at his or her current school and is eligible for transfer
to the new school. Once the transfer school has issued the SEVIS Form I-20 to
the student indicating a transfer, the transfer school becomes responsible for
updating and maintaining the student‘s record in SEVIS. The student is then
required to notify the DSO at the transfer school within 15 days of the
program start date listed on SEVIS Form I-20. Upon notification that the
student is enrolled in classes, the DSO of the transfer school must update
SEVIS to reflect the student‘s registration and current address, thereby
acknowledging that the student has completed the transfer process. In the
remarks section of the student‘s SEVIS Form I-20, the DSO must note that the
transfer has been completed, including the date, and return the form to the
student. The transfer is effected when the transfer school updates SEVIS
indicating that the student has registered in classes within the 30 days
required by ?214.3(g)(3)(iii). (Added effective 1/1/03; 67 FR 76256) 
 
(C) SEVIS school to SEVIS school. To transfer from a SEVIS school to a SEVIS
school the student must first notify his or her current school of the intent
to transfer and must indicate the school to which he or she intends to
transfer. Upon notification by the student, the current school will update the
student‘s record in SEVIS as a "transfer out" and indicate the school to which
the student intends to transfer, and a release date. The release date will be
the current semester or session completion date, or the date of expected
transfer if earlier than the established academic cycle. The current school
will retain control over the student‘s record in SEVIS until the student
completes the current term or reaches the release date. At the request of the
student, the DSO of the current school may cancel the transfer request at any
time prior to the release date. As of the release date specified by the
current DSO, the transfer school will be granted full access to the student‘s
SEVIS record and then becomes responsible for that student. The current school
conveys authority and responsibility over that student to the transfer school,
and will no longer have full SEVIS access to that student‘s record. As such, a
transfer request may not be cancelled by the current DSO after the release
date has been reached. After the release date, the transfer DSO must complete
the transfer of the student‘s record in SEVIS and may issue a SEVIS Form I-20.
The student is then required to contact the DSO at the transfer school within
15 days of the program start date listed on the SEVIS Form I-20. Upon
notification that the student is enrolled in classes, the DSO of the transfer
school must update SEVIS to reflect the student‘s registration and current
address, thereby acknowledging that the student has completed the transfer
process. In the remarks section of the student‘s SEVIS Form I-20, the DSO must
note that the transfer has been completed, including the date, and return the
form to the student. The transfer is effected when the transfer school
notifies SEVIS that the student has enrolled in classes in accordance with the
30 days required by ?214.3(g)(3)(iii). (Added effective 1/1/03; 67 FR 76256) 
 
(D) SEVIS school to non-SEVIS school. To transfer from a SEVIS school to a
non-SEVIS school, the student must first notify his or her current school of
the intent to transfer and must indicate the school to which he or she intends
to transfer. Upon notification by the student, the current school will update
the student‘s status in SEVIS as "a transfer out", enter a "release" or
expected transfer date, and update the transfer school as "non-SEVIS." The
student must then notify the school to which the he or she intends to transfer
of his or her intent to enroll. After the student has completed his or her
current term or session, or has reached the expected transfer date, the DSO at
the current school will no longer have full access to the student‘s SEVIS
record. At this point, if the student has notified the transfer school of his
or her intent to transfer, and the transfer school has determined that the
student has been maintaining status at his or her current school, the transfer
school may issue the student a Form I-20. The transfer will be effected only
if the student completes the Student Certification portion of the Form I-20
and returns the form to a designated school official of the transfer school
within 15 days of the program start date listed on Form I-20. Upon receipt of
the student‘s Form I-20 the DSO must do as follows: note "transfer completed
on (date)" in the space provided for the DSO‘s remarks, thereby acknowledging
the student‘s attendance; return the Form I-20 to the student; submit the
school copy of the Form I-20 to the Service‘s data processing center within 30
days of receipt from the student; and forward a photocopy of the school copy
to the school from which the student transferred. (Added effective 1/1/03; 67
FR 76256) 
 
(iii) Notification. Upon receipt of the student‘s Form I-20 A-B, the DSO must:

 
(A) Note "transfer completed on (date)" on the student‘s I-20 ID in the space
provided for the DSO‘s remarks, thereby acknowledging the student‘s
attendance; 
 
(B) Return the I-20 ID to the student; 
 
(C) Submit the I-20 School copy to the Service‘s Data Processing Center within
30 days of receipt from the student; and 
 
(D) Forward a photocopy of the Form I-20 A-B School Copy to the school from
which the student transferred. 

一. 如何在美国维持F1身份
二. 美国转学的基本要求和注意事项
三. 转学手续详述
四. 转学中的一些相关问题
五. 一些长期以来的闹心问题,随便说几句(忙人可闪)
六. 附录 (本贴讨论内容集合)

========================================================

一. 如何在美国维持F1身份

首先,本文所说的转学只限于在美国境内的转学,而非从国内或其他国家转学到美国情况。说到转学,有个问题不得不需要考虑,而且是必须考虑的就是F-1学生身份的问题。记得论坛里前阵子有人问过,在美国转学,有没有时间限制。要解释这个问题,先说说怎么在维持F-1身份。以下是美国移民局对F1VISA的规定:

In order to maintain your student status with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service,  you must:

1 maintain a full course of study, or remain enrolled full-time at the institution you are authorized to attend.
2 hold a valid, current I-20 ID; maintain a passport that is valid for at least 6 months into the future.
3 have appropriate authorization for any work and not be employed for more than 20 hours per week while classes are in session.

也就是说若持F1签证或以学生身份进入美国的人,如果要保持身份,首先必须要在移民局认可的录取你的大学上满全学时的课程。也就是说,你在一定时间内至少修满多少个credits。具体要看学校的相关规定,比如有的学校是一个星期内Masters: 9 credit hours; Ph.D 6 credit hours等等。另外,你还需要保持有效护照;没有移民局的许可,学生身份不可以工作。其次,你必须随时保持停留许可不国旗,I-94 card上记录着你入境、出境留停许可的期限,在你的I-94到期一个月前,申请延长停留时间,你就可保持学生身份。


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二. 美国转学的基本要求和注意事项

一般转学有2种:一种是顺利完成一个学位后,希望继续攻读更高的学位,可能在同一个学校继续深造,也可能转入其他学校;另外一种是对目前就读的学校不满意,想进入更好的学校或环境学习;另外但是如果你只是在一个学校内转专业的话,不算转学。

不过相信很多人希望了解转学的初衷或转学的打算都是在出国前就有了,大家更关心的是第二种。都由于申请太激烈,从而想选择一个相对容易容易申请的排名相对靠后学校,然后想出去后跳个较好的大学。这个问题几乎80%申请的人都可能考虑过。但是不管是未完成学位的转学或是顺利完成学位的转学,你都必须得到移民局的许可才能完成你的转学手续。

1. 以下是移民局对转学的基本要求:

An F-1 student who was not pursuing a full course of study at the school he or she was last authorized to attend is ineligible for school transfer and must apply for reinstatement under the provisions of paragraph (f)(16) of this section, or, in the alternative, may depart the country and return as an initial entry in a new F-1 nonimmigrant status. (Revised effective 1/1/03; 67 FR 76256) 

说的明白点就是:

An F-1 student who is maintaining status may transfer to another U.S. school. If you have not maintained proper F-1 status and are therefore "out of status," you will be required to apply for reinstatement to student status through the USCIS. Then you may request to transfer to another institution.

If you plan to leave Regent University and transfer to another school in the U.S., you must request a release of your SEVIS record to the school that you have chosen to attend. The new school cannot make a new I-20 for you until they have control of your SEVIS record.

首先要注意,以F1学生身份入境,必须在被许可的学校里注册就学。你要转学,首先必须先获得移民局的批准,而且你现在的学校必须release你的SEVIS记录,新的学校才能发给你新的I-20。

2. 转学时间安排及注意事项

美国的学校里, 转学生与新生入学一起录取,并没有单独的审核机制。所以凡是打算转学的,一定要及早申请, 先要保证赶在对方学校的deadline前。也就是说,转学等于重新申请一次学校,不同的是你人在美国申请。一旦有了转学计划,你应该先向移民局申请这项批准,因为移民局处理你的申请需要花一段时间,所以你要尽量在转学前取得转学批准。比如你打算2007年9月转入新学校,你在2006年11月份就应该申请,好象在国内申请一样。

关于有人问的转学有没有时间限制的问题,让我们先看看来自 www.immigration.gov 官方关于transfer的一段话:

A student who is maintaining status may transfer to another Service approved school by following the notification procedure prescribed in paragraph (f)(8)(ii) of this section. However, an F-1 student is not permitted to remain in the United States when transferring between schools or programs unless the student will begin classes at the transfer school or program within 5 months of transferring out of the current school or within 5 months of the program completion date on his or her current Form I-20, whichever is earlier.

上面这段的意思是,转学期间你不能待在美国,除非你在新学校的课程在转离原来学校的5个月内开始,或者你原来学校的I-20上注明的学习结束日期后的5个月内开始。换句话说,如果你现在已经毕业,你不能单单因为办理转学手续,而无限制地在美国待下去,这个时间是5个月。in a word, 你新/旧I-20之间的间隔不能超过5个月, 超过的话就要回国重新签证了。

这段话说得挺拗口的,再看看下面两个问题及解释,就应该清楚了:
1 比如我5月份转学,那么10月前必须去新学校上课吗?
回答: 如果5月转学, 会拿到新的I-20,  新的I-20生效之后,你就可合法居留美国了。上课的时间以新I-20为准。
2 又如果你现有的I-20上写的program在9月份结束,那么你必须在9月份前去新学校上课吗?
回答: 旧的I-20如果写的是9月结束, 那么你可以在美国继续居留5个月, 到第二年2月。 这期间是合法的, 这个是移民局给你的grace period让你转学之用。如果你转的新I-20生效日期是你旧I-20过期5个月之内的话, 那就没有问题。

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三. 转学手续详述

如果是不换学校换program(比如从MS到PHD)或是换专业(department),必须向学校提出转学申请,以免日后因为移民局以为你没能在预定期间内完成学位而失去身份。转学手续大致为:

1. 让学校的international student office(以下简称ISO````:L)的international student advisor(以下简称ISA````)重新ISSUE你一份新的I-20, 即 I-20 A-B,。
2. 你把I-20上的Student Certification portion
填写完毕后,在新学期课程开始后的15天内,将新、旧I-20一起交给ISA;
3. ISA在签完名后将I-20的第3、4页交给你;
4. ISA要在I-20的上注明“student moving from xx program to xx program of the same institution”或“the transfer has been completed”之类的;
5. ISA在拿到I-20三十天内将第一、二页寄住移民局。


如果是第二种情况,在原校完成学业,取得学位后,希望到不同的学校读更高的学位,继续同一专业也好,或不同专业也好,你必须依照下列程序完成转学手续:

1. 申请欲转入学校,并取得有效的入学许可;
2. 向原就读学校的的ISO表明转学意向并且告诉他你要转入哪个学校在收到你的转学意向后,原就读学校会把你在SEVIS系统里的记录改为“transfer out“,并且注明你将要转入的学校,以及释放日期。
3. 在转入新学校课程开始后的15天内,联系新学校的ISA,将新、旧I-20交给新学校的ISO。
4. 在你注册新学校课程之后,ISA会更新的你的SEVIS状态及信息,表示你转学成功,并将I-20 第三页、第四页交给你。
5. 在收到学生交的I-20三十天内,ISA将I-20第一、二页缴交移民局资料处理中心, 并将其COPY给原校的ISA。


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四. 转学中的一些相关问题

1 时间安排

无论你拿不拿学位,转学的申请都要在离开原学校前的一年左右就开始了。如果不拿学位,第二个学年9月开学,肯定要在头一年的11~1月份申请,3~4月拿到新的I-20; 如果拿了学位,7月份毕业,同样要在年初申请,毕业前3个月左右接到通知。两种情况下都不会超过“离开原学校5个月那个期限”的。

2 学分

转学时最好把学分也带过去是最好了,可是通常原来学校已经获得的学分并不能被新学校承认。因此事先你要了解清楚所转学校是否认可你的学分和承认多少学分,可以写信去问。比如在盟校间转学,互认学分的可能性大一些,如常春藤、SUNY、UC系列等等,一般学校互相只承认几个学分,可能等于几门课。所以辛苦半年或一年才转,已经修了很多门课了,却只能转上两三门课的学分,真的挺亏的,等于心血和金钱都白费了。

3 奖学金

转学的时候,奖学金是不可以直接Transfer的(至少我知道的不多)。Current offer 顶多是个 strong evidence to win another one。转学并不意味着比直接申请者有优势, 当然也不意味着有劣势,起码可以用英文能力证明你有资格拿TA。不过,打算转学的同学,还是请作好备齐所有申请材料,重新申请的准备。

4 需要GT,成绩单吗

是的。前面已经说了,转学其实跟重新申请没太大区别,你原来的成绩,还有你在这个学校已经学习一段时间的成绩(虽然学分亏了,但是好成绩还是有说服力的)。想一去就转的,其实要考虑时间按排问题。拖太久才转的,也要考虑GT的过期问题。中国本科的成绩单肯定也是需要的,建议有转学打算的同学在出国钱,多开几份带上,以备不时之需要。


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五. 一些长期以来的闹心问题,随便说几句(忙人可闪)

首先是烂校怎么转牛校的问题。每次都有人问,可是其实我觉得提这样的问题没有任何意义。天下没有一个宝典或秘籍可以帮全天下人都转到牛校。别人这样转成功了,并不代表你一定可以;反之亦然。转到什么学校,还得看你自己个人的能力和表现。当然,在美国国内转学有很多优势,下面再说。

最近很多人拿到了AD,没钱,忧郁要不要出去;或者拿到一些小学校的OFFER,想出去转学的。我的意见是,对于拿AD的,如果你志在读博,并且家里有足够的资金基础,还是值得出去的(当然前提签证过关了)。第一年没有钱,也可以先设法自己维持一个学期的花销,去找任何有关的教授(不只限于本系),获得些许的资助。我周围的拿AD出去的现在都有钱了,有个04年AD刚去9月份就好运给钱了。当然还是应该好好考虑一下自己家里的承受能力,考虑下出国的目的到底是为什么,我们应该理性出国,而非迷信出国。

对于转学的(包括F2在内),在国外与国内直接申请相比,在美国转学也有很多优势:即使是在美国排名靠后的学校,你的科研能力以及英文表达能力都会比在国内有所提高;如果选了一些比较challenging的课程,并且得到不错的成绩,可以在某种程度上弥补在G/T以及国内GPA的不足;可以有机会当面接触教授,了解其招情况,这点是国内用EMAIL陶瓷的同学不能比的;如果你在原来学校表现出色,而且老板NICE的话,还可以得到美国教授的推荐信(这个很重要!当然也不局限于本系,也可以是外系的与研究相关的教授写,可以先去修他的课,然后在要求其写信)等等。不过不建议读了个一年半载,没拿到文凭就急于转学的,浪费时间,除非你一去就有机会转,或者顶多在半年内转了。其实最稳妥的还是认真考虑下专业需求,争取在较短时间内拿到一个硕士,然后再转学读博士。就算转学不成功,也可以凭硕士找个工作继续活着,将来路还长嘛。

 

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